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Dentures (Dental Prosthetics) | Special Kilinc Oral & Dental Health Polyclinic, Erzurum, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Adnan Kilinc & Dr. Dt. Zekiye Kilinc
Dentures (Dental Prosthetics)

Dentures (Dental Prosthetics)

There are two types of dental prosthetics: full and partial.

Full Dental Prosthetics

Full dental prosthetics are a good option to consider when all teeth are missing, and they come in two different approaches. The first approach is immediate dentures. These are placed right away, meaning your dentist will insert the dentures immediately after removing any remaining teeth. Immediate dentures are typically a temporary option until you receive your customized traditional prosthetics. After placement, you may notice they don't fit your mouth perfectly until adjustments are made. Your dentist will take out any remaining teeth and prepare your mouth for the dentures. The next step is taking impressions of your mouth to create customized prosthetics. So, you need to wait for a while before wearing the dentures.

Partial Dental Prosthetics

Partial dental prosthetics are an option to consider if you still have some remaining teeth. They are also suitable if you cannot afford to replace them with dental implants. Your dentist will take impressions of your mouth and send them to a laboratory off-site to make the dentures with artificial teeth. These dentures are designed to fit perfectly around your remaining natural teeth. If the aesthetics of your natural teeth are not ideal, your dentist can make crowns for you, but this is optional and depends on your preference.

Treatment Duration with Dental Prosthetics

The initial process involves addressing underlying issues from gum disease to decay and existing infections. Once this is completed, you move on to the prosthetic design stage. This usually takes about a week and involves a lot of work. It's crucial for your dentist to execute this step flawlessly for a comfortable denture fit. This involves making models and molds of your jaws and examining how your jaws will close.

All information needs to be accurate before sending your measurements to a lab for craftsmanship.

After this process, the placement is straightforward. And the hard work put into obtaining a comfortable denture set tailored to your mouth pays off. Especially since they are designed to fit your mouth, they provide better grip and stability.

Advantages of Dentures:

- They look natural

- Restore functions like chewing

- Prevent the jaw from appearing sloped by filling the mouth

- They are customized and have good durability

- Last approximately 5 years

Do Dentures Feel Normal?

Unlike dental implants, dentures do not have a root, so signal transmission is not very good. There's a lot to be done to restore dental functions to their former state.

It's a process you can complete within a few weeks. Starting with a diet of soft foods is ideal to train yourself to eat with dentures. These are easier to chew and provide enough practice for you to get used to them. Gradually reintroduce harder foods until you return to normal eating.

However, there will generally be some daily restrictions with dentures. For instance, you can't chew gum or eat sticky foods like gum. Eating very hard or very hot foods is also not recommended.

What to Expect After Denture Placement?

Your dentist will instruct you to wear your dentures 24 hours a day for the first week. This is important for you to learn all the discomforts of your dentures. While wearing dentures for the first time may feel uncomfortable, you need to pay attention to specific issues. For example, your dentures may be too loose or may make a clicking sound when you speak. You should inform your dentist of all these issues so they can work to improve your dentures to better fit you.

Denture Care

Dentures have their own maintenance routines. However, you'll start this routine a week after placement. Only then are you allowed to remove your dentures, and preferably soaking your dentures in a special solution is recommended. This is important because it allows your gums to breathe and is necessary for normal saliva cleansing.

Alternatives to Dentures

Many people prefer dental implants, but the procedure is both costly and lengthy. You receive your implants within about 6 months from the start of treatment. So people resort to prosthetics. However, an option that falls between the two is all-on-4 dental implants. Using 4 dental implants per jaw, it's an alternative to dentures and therefore gives you more confidence.

It also provides better signal transmission and eliminates the adaptation process after placement. Because they're anchored to the bone, their lifespan is at least three times longer than that of prosthetics.

What Is Denture Adhesive?

Denture adhesives are products that come in the form of paste, cream, or powder to help secure your dentures more firmly. Some people find denture adhesives very helpful. For example, they provide better biting control, add more security, and increase stability.

It's not really necessary for every body. This depends on several conditions. For example, dry mouth. Dry mouth can loosen the base and cause problems for the user.

If you have a job that requires excessive speaking or use of facial muscles, you may consider denture adhesives.

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